Essentials of Private Real Estate
Private Real Estate: What You Need to Know
Large Market Opportunity
Commercial real estate is the third largest asset class after equities and fixed income. Yet individual investors on average have a negligible allocation1 in their portfolios, significantly lower than institutional investors.
Attractive Risk-Return Profile
Private real estate can drive meaningful income generation and capital appreciation and can also offer a hedge against inflation, as well as a low correlation to stocks and bonds.
Where You Invest Matters
Sector and manager selection are critical. To benefit from private real estate’s opportunities, it’s important to focus on high-quality assets with outsized growth potential.
Understanding Private Real Estate
Private real estate focuses on commercial, income-generating properties across a wide range of assets from warehouses and multifamily housing to office, hotel and retail. It excludes the for-sale residential market of both new and existing homes.
With more than 90% of commercial real estate privately owned,2 the private opportunity set is several multiples the size of publicly traded real estate. Yet individual investors on average hold considerably less than 3% of commercial real estate in their portfolios — due in part to a historic lack of access and a need to better understand where to invest. This underallocation by individual vs. institutional investors is now changing.3
Why Private Real Estate?
Where You Invest Matters
When investing in private real estate, selecting the right sectors, markets and assets is critical to generating strong performance. It is important to focus on high-quality assets with outsized growth potential driven by long-term, secular tailwinds.
This means identifying and concentrating capital around major trends, such as the rise of e-commerce, a structural undersupply in housing, or the growth in cloud computing and artificial intelligence.
Manager selection is also critical to success. Blackstone is the world’s largest owner of commercial real estate with a 30+ year track record, serving individual and institutional investors alike.10
Not All Real Estate Is Created Equal
Cumulative Performance (2008-2022)11
Not all real estate is created equal. Where you invest matters — if you invest in the right sectors even in a more challenging rate environment, you can have a differentiated outcome.Jonathan Gray
President and Chief Operating Officer of Blackstone
Unlocking Value Through Private Market Ownership
Private real estate managers may have greater flexibility than public REITs to invest in areas of highest conviction and execute on complex transactions given they are less subject to public market forces. Managers in private markets can more easily drive long-term value- creation opportunities, whereas public market participants may face pressure to achieve predictable quarterly earnings.
A CASE STUDY
High Conviction, Thematic Investing: QTS Data Centers
Explosive Growth in Data12
The privatization of QTS Realty Trust, a ≈$10bn data center public REIT, exemplifies Blackstone’s commitment to high conviction thematic investing, capitalizing on long-term trends in data growth. In fact, more data was created in the three years from 2020 to 2022 than in all of history combined.12
Just as e-commerce drove demand for warehouses, cloud computing, content creation and now artificial intelligence are driving the surge in data creation and consumption. Blackstone views the rise of artificial intelligence as a once-in-a-generation engine for future growth in data centers and is committed to unlocking the full power of QTS’ platform through private ownership.
Read the complete Essentials of Private Real Estate
Essentials of Private Markets
Learn how assets such as private real estate, credit and equity can fit into investment portfolios.
- The “Individual Investor” figure is derived from Bain & Company, “Global Private Equity Report 2023.” The individual investor allocation of less than 3% represents a total private market allocation including real estate.
- NAREIT, June 30, 2021, “Estimating the Size of the Commercial Real Estate Market.” ”Public” is the aggregate of the all public REITs that are tracked by the NAREIT Total Industry Tracker.
- “State of the Market: Non-Traded REITs and BDCs” (July 2022), UMB Fund Services.
- Same as footnote 2.
- Hodes Weill & Associates and Cornell Baker Program in Real Estate, Cerrulli Associates, December 31, 2022. The “Public Pension” and “Endowment” figures are weighted average target allocations and come from the 2022 Institutional Real Estate Allocations Monitor. The “Individual Investor” figure is as per footnote 2. <3% represents the total private market allocation including real estate.
- NCREIF, 20-year period ending December 31, 2022. Reflects the NFI-ODCE Index. Represents Blackstone’s view of the current market environment as of the date appearing in this material only. Past performance does not predict future returns.
- Net operating income (“NOI”) reflects Green Street Advisors data, as of December 31, 2022. 2022 NOI growth represents year-end estimate as of January 19, 2023. US CPI reflects Bureau of Labor Statistics data, as of December 31, 2022. NOI growth represents the average NOI growth by year across the equal-weighted average of the asset-weighted average of the multifamily, industrial, mall, office and shopping center sectors. Multifamily refers to apartment; shopping center refers to strip retail. The Consumer Price Index (CPI) measures changes in the prices paid by urban consumers for a representative basket of goods and services. NOI may not be correlated to or continue to keep pace with inflation. Past performance does not predict future returns.
- Morningstar Direct, NCREIF, 20-year period ending December 31, 2022. Diversification does not assure a profit or protect against a loss in a declining market. Indices are meant to illustrate general market performance. Comparisons shown are for informational purposes only, do not represent specific investments and are not a portfolio allocation recommendation. Correlation measures how one investment performs in relation to another, with a coefficient of +1 being a perfect, positive correlation and a coefficient of -1 being a perfect, negative correlation. When two asset classes have a correlation of +1, they will both move up or down by the same amount in the same direction. Conversely, a correlation of -1 indicates that when one asset class moves up or down, the other moves in the opposite direction by the same amount. In general, asset classes with a correlation of less than 0.70 or greater than -0.70 are considered to have relatively low correlation. Private real estate is represented by the NFI-ODCE. Public REITs are represented by the total return of the MSCI US REIT Index. Equities are represented by the total return of the S&P 500 Index, including dividends. Investment grade bonds are represented by the total return of the Bloomberg US Aggregate Bond Index. Municipal bonds are represented by the Bloomberg US Municipal Index. Past performance does not predict future returns.
- Morningstar Direct, NCREIF, as of December 31, 2022. Indices are meant to illustrate general market performance. Comparisons shown are for informational purposes only, do not represent specific investments and are not a portfolio allocation recommendation. Private real estate is represented by the NFI-ODCE and reflects total returns excluding management and advisory fees. Public REITs are represented by the total return of the MSCI US REIT Index. Equities are represented by the total return of the S&P 500 Index, including dividends. Investment grade bonds are represented by the total return of the Bloomberg US Aggregate Bond Index. 10-Year US Treasury is represented by the Bloomberg 10-Year US Treasury Bellwethers Index and is subject to interest rate risk. Municipal bonds are represented by the Bloomberg US Municipal Index. Past performance does not predict future returns.
- World’s largest owner of commercial real estate based on estimated market value per Real Capital Analytics as of June 30, 2023.
- Green Street Advisors, as of December 31, 2022. Based on the Green Street Commercial Property Price Index, which captures the prices at which US commercial real estate transactions are currently being negotiated and contracted. Reflects percent change by property sector from January 2008 to December 2022.
- IDC, as of December 31, 2021. 2021 and 2022 represent year-end estimate.